Prof. Xue Comments at the Youth’s Form of 2020 Annual Meeting of Network and Information Law Society

2020年9月26日至27日,中国法学会网络与信息法学研究会2020年年会在武汉隆重召开。会议采用“线上线下”相结合网络直播的方式进行,线上观看现场直播的学术界、务实界、商业界的专家学者达53.8万人。

薛虹教授在9月27日上午举行的青年论坛上就数字贸易中的跨镜数据流动法律问题进行点评,提出:数字贸易是数字经济的重要组成部分,而数字经济关系到国内大循环为主体、国内国际双循环相互促进的新发展格局的持续稳定发展,应就个人数据、与国家安全有关数据等特殊数据跨境流动进行专门研究,目前关于此方面的多边国际法律处于空白状态,关于电信服务或者信息技术设备的国际法根本无法解决此类新的法律问题,在数字经济中处于强势的国家一般主张跨境自由流动,反之则施加更多的法律障碍(欧盟即为此例)。随着我国数字贸易的发展,企业的贸易投资活动对于跨境流动有更强烈的需求,在多边化式微的今天,更有必要捍卫、推动与缔造国际多边法律的构建。该观点得到了与会同仁的强烈共鸣。

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Prof. Xue @ TV Interviewed on Personal Data Protection in Mobile Network

当前,我国已经全面进入移动互联网时代,近9亿网民中手机上网比例高达99.1%。 点开APP也就是手机上的应用程序,就可使用各种不同的功能。 万物互联时代,互联网与现实生活已经深度融合。但使用网络的时候,也往往隐藏着风险。 根据2019年《APP违法违规收集使用个人信息专项治理报告》统计,移动互联网应用商店上架推广的APP有近400万款,总下载量超万亿次。用户每天在各类APP上平均花费时长占用户日均上网时长的81.7%。然而,这些APP在给人们生活带来方便的同时也带来了一些隐患。

9月14日到20日是2020年国家网络安全宣传周。2020年9月17日北京师范大学互联网政策与法律研究中心主任薛虹教授在接受央视“焦点访谈”节目采访中谈到, “现在很多的APP都在超范围、超目的地使用(个人信息),这是一个很大的问题。比如很多的像照明类的APP,要收集位置信息、要收集通讯录信息,这是完全没必要的,你是认为那个位置我将提供强光照射吗?”

正是由于个人信息泄露可能给用户带来危害,APP收集的信息越多,泄露之后的风险就越大。因此,什么样的APP可以收集多大范围的个人信息,收集之后如何使用,这些问题就显得非常重要。 2019年1月,中央网信办、工业和信息化部、公安部、市场监管总局四部门联合发布《关于开展App违法违规收集使用个人信息专项治理的公告》,并成立App专项治理工作组。《APP违法违规收集使用个人信息行为认定方法》《个人信息安全规范》等标准规范相继出台完善。

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Prof. Xue Lectured at CCPIT Legal Affairs Department

On August 21 afternoon, as a CIETAC arbitrator of almost 20 years, Prof. Xue was invited by the CCPIT Legal Affairs Department to give a public virtual lecture for the legal officers based in Beijing Headquarter, foreign missions and enterprises on the “Legal Issues in Alternative Dispute Resolution for Intellectual Property Rights”. Prof. Xue talked about the latest developments in the Chinese intellectual property legal systems and the advantage of resolving intellectual property disputes through arbitration and other alternative disputed resolution mechanism. Prof. Xue especially explained the issues of arbitrability of intellectual property disputes under the Chinese laws and compared with the other jurisdictions. Enforcement of arbitral awards is another key issue. Prof. Xue explained the enforcement issues of monetary and injunctive arbitral remedies through judicial system. Domain Name Dispute Resolution and E-Commerce Platform Online Dispute Resolution were the also addressed by Prof. Xue at the second half of the Lecture. Prof. Xue actively engaged with the audience through responding all the practical questions raised by the Legal Officers from Beijing, London and other cities. Chinese IP arbitration is expected to be pushed to the higher level of development through the new IP Arbitration Commission that is being constructed by the CCPIT.

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Prof. Xue @ UNESCAP Virtual Expert Group Meeting

Prof. Xue was invited to present at the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) virtual expert group meeting on National Policy Framework for Cross-border Paperless Trade on 20 August 2020. The meeting identified the essential building blocks and attributes (legal and regulatory environments, both national and agency level) for the national policy framework; and helped to develop a template that could accommodate different models and varying degree of cross-border paperless trade measures developed at country level in the ambit of implementation of the Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross-border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific. In the presentation, Prof. Xue emphasized the importance of studies on the cross-border data flow and the mutual recognition criteria of CB paperless in domestic laws. In the written comments, Prof. Xue also pointed out the inappropriate omission of the Chinese E-Commerce Law entirely in the country study on Chinese paperless laws and regulations as well as the legal mistakes on implementation of the e-port system.

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Prof. Xue Interviewed by APEC PSU on the E-Commerce Law

The “E-commerce Law of the People’s Republic of China”, effective from January 1, 2019, has played an important role in the transformation of economic mode, structural reform, stable growth, employment expansion, and people’s well-being. The Law regulates the establishment and performance of e-commerce operators, electronic contracts, electronic payments and express logistics, strengthens the protection of IPRs and consumers in e-commerce, creates the new legal rules on third-party e-commerce platforms, data development, market competition and dispute settlement. The Law has been nominated by the MOFCOM to the APEC PSU for case studies.

The selected case studies can help to showcase the underlying motivations for revising existing regulations or introducing new regulations, the process of doing so, as well as how the revision/introduction has contributed to the e-commerce landscape in the economy. In order to seek the understanding of the E-Commerce Law and allow for optimum experience sharing and learning among economies, the APEC PSU interviewed Prof. Xue, who had taken apart in the whole lawmaking process as one of the chief legal experts appointed by the National People’s Congress. The Interview was conducted virtually via Microsoft Teams on August 12, 2020.

During the Interview, Prof. Xue explained the situation before the enactment of the E-Commerce Law, the reasons/motivations for the decision to enact the E-Commerce Law and the problem that the E-Commerce Law was designed to address. Prof. Xue elaborated the legislative process of enacting the E-Commerce Law and internationalized multi-stakeholder participation in the lawmaking process. Prof. Xue especially addressed the benefits brought by the Law to various stakeholders (e.g., businesses, consumers) and effectiveness of the Law. With the advancement of the new technologies like AI, blockchain and digital currencies and enactment of new laws (such as the Civil Code), the E-Commerce Law may be revised for improvement in the future. Prof. Xue emphasized that the Case Studies would facilitate the information exchange on best practices, capacity building and inter-economy comparative studies for common rules on e-commerce.

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