薛教授在网络与信息法学研究会论坛发言

“中国法学会网络与信息法学研究会2021年年会”于2021年10月16日在京召开。本届年会的主题为“数字中国建设与网络信息法治新机遇”, 由中国法学会网络与信息法学研究会主办,中国人民大学法学院、中国人民大学未来法治研究院承办,京东集团协办。 本次年会在16日下午设置“数字经济的司法保障”等10个论坛。

薛教授担任数字经济的司法保障论坛的评议人,对7位发言人的演讲内容进行点评。发言提出数据、平台与算法三要素的观点,是新时期数字经济对政治经济学的新解释。对互联网借贷问题的研究,反映了防范金融系统性风险与面向弱势群体的积极能动司法理念。对照民法典研究个人信息保护法律,证明法律制度与规则之间的衔接与协调对司法实践非常重要。重新审视数据权属,必须破除传统所有权的桎梏,重构数据利用与保护的关系。公共数据与企业数据存在交叉与重合,如有部分不在共有领域,则其利用必受限制。反不正当竞争法的互联网专条经司法解释,部分得以明确,但是尚在实践应用问题,典型案例说明适用一般条款仍然普遍。

薛教授特别论述了算法提交作为监管与举证所存在的问题,担忧可能由此造成的国际贸易障碍,提出提交算法审计与认证结果,而非算法本身,可能是更加可行的方案。

薛教授还参加了于10月15日下午举行的法学家下基层活动及在京东总部的座谈会,已经当晚举行的研究会常务理事会会议。

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Prof. Xue Presented at the CISG@40 Celebration Conference

On June 25, 2021, The CISG@40 Celebration Conference, jointly organized by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law(“UNCITRAL”), the Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China (“MOFCOM”), China Council for the Promotion of International Trade(“CCPIT”) and China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (“CIETAC”) was held in Beijing. The Vice Chairman of CCPIT Lu Pengqi, and Director General of MOFCOM’s Department of Treaty and Law Li Yongjie attended the opening ceremony and delivered speeches. Secretary of UNCITRAL Anna JOUBIN-BRET delivered a keynote speech via video. Vice Chairman and Secretary General of CIETAC Wang Chengjie, presided over the opening ceremony.

During the conference, representatives from international organizations and the Belt and Road countries, well-known legal scholars and experts on dispute settlement at home and abroad focused on four topics, including “Experience and Challenges of Application of CISG in China” “CISG—Right Solution for B&R Trade Disputes” “E-CISG” and “Dispute Settlement Regarding Sales of Goods”, sharing the latest practical results of the Convention in the dispute settlement of the international sales of goods.

The Director of Beijing Normal University Internet Policy and Law Research Center and Senior arbitrator Xue Hong, along with the Founding Partner of Beijng Huanzhong & Partners and Senior arbitrator WANG Xuehua, Legal Officer in the Secretariat of the UNCITRAL Luca CASTELLANI, Former Chair of the UNCITRAL Working Group on Electronic Commerce and Vice President of the UK-based Forum on International Conciliation and Arbitration (FICA) Jeffrey Chan, Vice President and General Counsel of China Merchants Energy Shipping Co., Ltd. and Chairman of Advisory Body of Legal Affairs (ABLM) of International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA) and Senior arbitrator Yang yuntao, Legal and Policy Expert at Tencent and Researcher at Wuhan University Center of Economic Diplomacy Wang Youyou, presented at the Session 3 “E-CISG”.

The speakers at the conference focused on the application of the Convention in the digital economy era, and discussed the unified framework of e-commerce contract law provided by UNCITRAL, the role of intellectual property in digital trade, the constraints and development trends faced by electronic bills of lading, and the impact on the development of the Convention in the digital era. They pointed out that the Convention should conform to the trend of the times and promptly respond to the new needs of digital development, and then they put forward ideas for the improvement the Convention in the digital era.

The conference was held both online and offline, and the online platform was broadcast to a global audience of more than 46,000 people from nearly 40 countries and regions.

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薛教授作为贸仲知识产权讲座评议人

China International Economic Trade Arbitration Commission CIETAC

2021年6月9日下午,北京金阙律师事务所创始合伙人孟霆先生以“从谷歌案看合理使用原则在美国的新发展”为题举办专题讲座。美国最高法院近期判决认定,谷歌公司使用甲骨文公司的软件代码构建在全球大多数智能手机上运行的安卓操作系统并未违反美国版权法。该案争议焦点之一即是上述行为是否构成合理使用。 薛虹教授受邀担任该讲座的点评嘉宾。

薛教授从该案近十年司法审判历程,分析了Application Programming Interface程序应否受版权保护,如受保护能否合理使用等问题。薛教授还讲解了版权法权利限制与例外在世界范围内的几种模式,结合我国著作权法第三次修改,分析我国权利与例外的发展流变,解释了一些被模糊的区域与问题。薛教授还耐心解答了听众的各类问题,例如,计算机程序属于文字作品,版权人应享有翻译权,对未经授权进行开发语言编译的行为,可以追究其侵权责任。

近六十名仲裁员、公司法务、律师、学者等参加了讲座,并进行了热烈的讨论和交流。

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薛虹教授在清华大学网络监督管理与民事权利保护研讨会发言

2021年6月19日,网络交易监督管理与民事权利保护研讨会暨国家社科基金重大项目“互联网交易制度和民事权利保护研究”开题论证会在清华大学法学院举行。该重大项目由清华大学法学院王洪亮教授担任首席专家。来自清华大学、中国人民大学、中国政法大学、北京航空航天大学、北京师范大学、华东师范大学、北京外国语大学、北京工商大学、首都经济贸易大学、国际关系学院等高校的学者,来自国家市场监督管理总局、北京市法学会、安理律师事务所、蚂蚁集团、腾讯研究院、美团到家、国网能源研究院、今日头条等实务界的代表,共四十余人参加了本次会议。

北京师范大学法学院薛虹教授做了主题为“网络交易知识产权保护”的演讲,指出了知识产权由于其易复制性与保护难度高,在互联网上受到很大冲击,基于区块链技术的非同质化代币可以很好地解决这个问题,但是它目前并没有被用于知识产权执法,没有解决知识产权关心的问题。薛虹教授还指出,所谓的代币化实际上是形成了一个数字证书,证明在区块链网络中的特定性,其与法律的关系尚待厘清。

会议闭幕环节清华大学法学院王洪亮教授进行了总结发言,并再次对各位嘉宾表示感谢!

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Prof. Xue Presented at UNCITRAL RCAP Virtual Knowledge Sharing Event

Virtual Knowledge Sharing (II) UNCITRAL Texts and International Trade in the Digital Era”, co-organized by UNCITRAL RCAP, the Electronic Transactions Development Agency (ETDA) of Thailand, and Bolliger & Company (Thailand) Ltd., was held on 2 June 2021 from 1.30 – 4.45 pm Bangkok time (UTC+7) via Zoom.

The event was a virtual knowledge-sharing platform to provide an overall understanding of enabling legal frameworks for digital trade for Thai government agencies, other domestic stakeholders, and regional participants. More than 150 participants from 20 Asian countries (like Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Bangladesh) joined the event and raised many questions.

The event invited 10 experts to reviewed the electronic transactions law, policies, and practices at international level, including UNCITRAL e-commerce texts such as the ECC and MLETR. The analysis of information from this activity would provide a solid basis for the developing countries to prepare for the on-going international negotiation on digital economy at various international arenas, such as WTO and UNCITRAL.

Prof. Xue gave a keynote speech on legal facilitation of cross-border e-commerce through the Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). Prof. Xue explained the e-commerce chapters/provisions in the FTAs and dedicated Digital Economy Partnership Agreements (DEPAs) and summarized the four legal clusters to facilitate cross-border e-commerce. Particularly, not only trade of digital goods but the sales of goods in e-commerce involves transferring trade-related data across border. Although there are established legal frameworks on international trade law and paperless trade, lack of worldwide-recognized international laws on cross-border transition prevents the sustainable developments of international digital trade. Three different models have emerged from the respective FTAs (CPTPP, EU Partnership Agreements and RCEP). The minimalist approach that allows the MSes to exercise the indisputable rights on data flow and localization requirement regarding the essential security interests is entirely different from the enabling model that clearly prohibits such requirements. Although both models try to prevent unnecessary burden on e-commerce, the newly established indisputable right obviously goes beyond the traditional scope of legitimate policy objectives. Prof. Xue concludes that the WTO Joint Statement Initiative on digital economy and e-commerce is facing to the frictions of different models and challenges of inclusion of developing countries and LDCs.

Virtual Knowledge Sharing (II) UNCITRAL Texts and International Trade in the Digital Era
Wednesday, 2 June 2021
8.30 am – 12.30 pm Vienna time/1.30 – 5.30 pm Bangkok time/ 3.30 – 7.30 pm Seoul time

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