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Beijing Normal University Global Development Strategic Partnership Project

外国专家讲座 第五讲

Foreign Expert Virtual Lecture Series Lecture 5

Gauging Patent Impacts on Post-Pandemic World Trade

In Memory of 2022 UNCITRAL Asia and the Pacific Day

日期:2022年11月21,UTC +8:00 18:00-21:00

Zoom Virtual Conference System

主持人: Prof. Hong Xue, Beijing Normal University

主讲人: Madam Wu Xiaoping,Counselor in the Intellectual Property, Government Procurement and Competition Division of the World Trade Organization

Topic: Innovation and Patenting Activities of COVID-19 Vaccines in WTO Members: Analytical Review of Medicines Patent Pool (MPP) COVID-19 Vaccines Patent Landscape (VaxPaL)

At the beginning, Prof. Xue introduced the close collaboration with the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), which was established under the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2205 (XXI) of 17 December 1966 and has been the core legal body of the United Nations system in the field of international trade law. The UNCITRAL Regional Centre for Asia and the Pacific (RCAP) launched from 2014 the UNCITRAL Asia Pacific Day (AP Day) academic series to promote awareness of international trade standards and norms, particularly those endorsed by UNCITRAL, among law students. The UNCITRAL Asia Pacific Day is an annual flagship academic series. In 2021, an initial 34 universities and institutions across the Asia-Pacific region in 13 jurisdictions have joined the annual celebration by co-hosting a series of academic events with UNCITRAL RCAP.

2022 marks a very special occasion as RCAP celebrates its 10th anniversary. The main theme of the UNCITRAL Asia Pacific Day 2022 is “RCAP@10: The Next 10 Years of Legal Harmonization in the Region”. Prof. Xue elaborated that world trade, including IP trade, is being affected the COVID-19 pandemic. Vaccination is the most powerful tool to safeguard public health and trade environment.

Mrs. Wu was invited as an IP expert and giving the Lecture in her personal capacity for educational purpose only. Mrs. Xiaoping Wu is Counsellor in the Intellectual Property, Government Procurement and Competition Division of the World Trade Organization (WTO) from 2006. She undertakes work in the area of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement), with a focus on patent-related policy issues and review of WTO Members’ national intellectual property legislation. She also takes part in WTO technical assistance and capacity building programs on intellectual property and TRIPS to developing counties.

Mrs. Wu presented a WTO on-going research project to analyze and review COVID-19 vaccine patent landscape. The research provides a statistical analysis of 74 patent families which cover subject matter relevant to ten COVID-19 vaccines. These vaccines have accounted for 99% of the global COVID-19 vaccine production as of 31 December 2021, comprising over ten billion doses. Eight of them have been approved by the World Health Organization (WHO) for inclusion in its Emergency Use Listing (EUL). The analysis is based on a COVID-19 vaccines patent database developed by the Medicines Patent Pool (MPP). Through the detailed examination of patent applicants, filing dates, and offices of first and subsequent filing, the paper identifies patterns and trends of innovation and patenting activities of COVID-19 vaccines in WTO Members, and presents the legal status of the 74 patent families in 105 jurisdictions. The research provides the useful background information for policymakers on the significance and potential impact of these patent families with relevance to the access to and production of these vaccines in their individual countries. The research aims to support evidence-based assessments regarding potential options within and beyond the current TRIPS framework to promote equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines.

More than 20 BNU LLM, JM and PhD students from China, France, Italy, Russia, Congo and Uganda joined the Virtual Lecture and raised many questions to the Lecturers. The officers from UNCITRAL and RCAP also joined the Lecture virtually from Vienna and Incheon. The Lecture that enriched the participants’ understanding on the COVID-19 vaccine patent global distribution and legal impacts hailed as huge success.






Prof. Xue Presented on 2022 China-Africa Forum

On 18 November 2022, Prof. Xue was invited to present virtually on the Forum of China Africa Cross-Border E-Commerce, which was an important component of 2022 China-Africa Economic and Trade Forum organized by China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT) and Zhejiang Province. Prof. Xue emphasized the importance of paperless trade measures in facilitation of digital trade and elaborated the necessity of international frameworks to enable the cross-border recognition and connectivity of paperless trade measures. Prof. Xue demonstrated to the Chinese and African traders the key international legal instruments on cross-border paperless trade, especially the UN Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross-Border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific. Prof. Xue’s presentation was highly regarded by the Forum organizers and all audience.


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Prof. Xue’s keynote at ADNDRC @ 20

On 3 November 2022, Asia Domain Name Dispute Resolution Center (ADNDRC), along with China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission, organized the Webninar “ADNDRC @ 20: DNDR in the Digital Economy”. HKIAC, ICANN and CNNIC, etc. were the supporting organizations.

Prof. Xue gave a keynote speech on Rejuvenation of ADR in Digital Economy. She raised that ADR should be reinterpreted from the original meaning, making it Artificial Intelligence (AI) assisted smart dispute resolution to fit the need of digital economy. In her keynote speech, Prof. Xue said the ADR coverage and scope of proceedings have been augmented in the new laws like EU DSM Directive or Digital Service Act, automated procedural management will entirely replace human to create more efficient proceedings, and autonomous discovery could be widely adopted to assist the adjudicator to make more precise and solid decisions. In Prof. Xue’s belief, the AI-enabled, augmented and automated disputed resolution would become the mainstream dispute resolution in digital economy. More than 530,000 audience from 41 countries watched the Webinar.



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Prof. Xue presented at the International Conference on AI and Judicial Big Data

24 September 2022, Professor Xue was invited to give a keynote speech on “AI-assisted Domain Name Dispute Resolution Mechanisms” at the 2nd International Conference on AI and Judicial Big Data, co-organized by Huazhong University of Science and Technology and Hubei High People’s Court. Prof. Xue discussed the ethical issue in deployment of AI in judicial proceedings and suggested that ADR (like domain name dispute resolution mechanism) may be more suitable area to implement pilot AI systems. AI may provide effective proceeding management for domain name dispute resolution, including receiving and servicing the Parties’ files, verifying the Parties’ identities and organizing cross examination. AI selection of adjudicators may considerably minimize the bias and prejudice and better serve the goals of independence and impartiality. Although AI cannot substitute the adjudicators’ judgement and discretion, it can be very valuable to verify the basic facts such as the information of the Applicant’s trademark registration and/or the Respondent’s domain name registration. It can help the adjudicators to complete the fact checking in the expedited proceedings. Domain name dispute resolution mechanism that is already networked, digitized and standardized can easily adapt to automation powered by AI. In addition, its characteristic of non-exclusive to judicial remedy is another layer of guarantee for AI pilot implementation.


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Prof. Xue presented at UNNExT Advisory Committee Meeting

The 10th Asia-Pacific Trade Facilitation Forum (APTFF) co-organized by ADB and UNESCAP with Singapore Ministry of Trade and Industry was held on 29 August to 1 September 2020 in Singapore. The Forum focused on how trade facilitation should evolve to enhance the resilience of international supply chains in times of pandemic and to better support sustainable economic recovery and development in the Asia-Pacific region. The Forum explored how trade digitalization and emerging technologies can be used to ensure that new generation trade facilitation measures are inclusive and sustainable, enabling effective participation of SMEs and less developed economies in international trade. As the leading regional platform for the exchange of good practices and knowledge on trade facilitation, the Forum attracted over 250 on-site participants from over 30 countries and hundreds of remote participants.

At the end of the Forum, the UNESCAP held the UNNExT Advisory Committee Meeting to discuss the future development of the Forum and the other recommendations and plans on trade facilitation. The experts from China, Korea, India, Philippines, Azerbaijan, etc. joined the meeting and presented their views. Prof. Xue as one of the founding experts of the Committee emphasized the importance of promoting the Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross-Border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific that has been effective since 2020 and 8 Member States by August 2022. Prof. Xue also introduced the new Model Law on ID management and trust service developed by UNCITRAL and its potential impacts on digital trade identity as an international legal mechanism. Although the COVID pandemic still disables international travels in some parts of the world, everyone believed that the digital trade facilitation would benefit the Asia-Pacific trade that was largely robust and growing.

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