Archive for APILP-SSIG

国际电子商务法联合认证项目2017春季学术活动周 JCP 2017 Spring Week Series of Academic Events

国际贸易法委员会亚太地区中心(UNCITRAL RCAP)与北京师范大学(BNU)国际电子商务法联合认证项目(JCP)自2013年建立以来,于2014年至2016年成功举办了三届“国际电子商务法学术周”活动,包括学术研讨会、学术讲座、模拟法庭等,与教学科研紧密结合、良性互动,成效显著。在《中华人民共和国电子商务法》(草案)已经提请中国全国人大常委会初次审议的背景下,“联合认证项目第四届春季国际电子商务法学术周”(2017 Spring JCP Academic Week)活动将于2017年6月第一周在北京师范大学法学院举办,主要包括以下活动:2017年6月5日13:30“一带一路经济体跨境电子商务法律问题国际研讨会”在北师大法学院学术报告厅举行;2017年6月6日18点“国际电子商务法国际专家讲座”在北师大法学院1922教室举行;以及于2017年6月3日合作主办的“电子商务发展与立法国际研讨会”。

一带一路经济体跨境电子商务法律问题国际研讨会

International Seminar on Legal Issues in Cross-Border E-Commerce Among One Belt One Road Economies

 

主办单位:北京师范大学互联网政策与法律研究中心(Beijing Normal University Institute for Internet Policy & Law)

合办单位:国际商会中国国家委员会海关与贸易便利化委员会(ICC China Customs and Trade Facilitation Committee )

日期、时间:20176513:30-17:00 / 5 June 2017 13:30-17:00

地点:北京师范大学法学院学术报告厅(北师大后主楼1822 / Beijing Normal University Law School Auditorium

主持人:北京师范大学互联网政策与法律研究中心主任 薛虹教授 / Prof. dr. Hong Xue, Director of BNU Institute for Internet Policy & Law

2017年6月5日下午,一带一路经济体跨境电子商务法律问题国际研讨会(International Seminar on Legal Issues in Cross-Border E-Commerce Among One Belt One Road Economies)在后主楼1824高铭暄学术会议室举行。本次研讨会是由北京师范大学互联网政策与法律研究中心主办国际商会中国国家委员会海关与贸易便利化委员会合办的本次研讨会由北京师范大学互联网政策与法律研究中心主任薛虹教授现场主持,中华人民共和国商务部条约法律司黄杰处长、阿里研究院电商研究中心副主任薛艳女士、亿邦动力总裁郑敏先生、网规研究中心主任阿拉木斯先生和联合国国际贸易法委员会Luca Castellani先生 / Mr. Luca Castellani出席本次研讨会并进行主题发言。阿里巴巴集团、亿邦动力国际电子商务股份有限公司等企业和联合国国际贸易法委员会的代表以及北京师范大学的师生代表共计40余人参加了会议。六位主讲人分别从不同方面对一带一路跨境电商法律问题提出了自己的研究成果和畅想。

会议开始,在薛虹教授热烈欢迎各位嘉宾代表与会人员出席本次会议,并简单介绍了本次会议的与会人员和议程。

随后中华人民共和国商务部条约法律司黄杰处长就中国电子商务法草案中跨境电子商务法律制度发表了建议,他表示跨境电商对互联网+和双创都有促进、先导作用,对一带一路的建设提供了更好的平台。我们要在进行制度创新,推动制度设计,探索立法,借鉴各国立法经验。跨境电商作为新生事物,我们在立法中用专章来进行了总体规范,7个条款都是原则性规范,给未来的发展预留了足够的空间。

薛艳副主任以 eWTP助力“一带一路”建设为主题,就一带一路倡议与网上丝绸之路;阿里大数据与各沿路国的接入程度;阿里实践的经验; eWTP畅想四个方面进行了深入的讲解。

郑敏总裁主要为我们介绍了现阶段跨境电商态势的思考,他提到跨境电商主要带来了4个方面的变化,并介绍了跨境电商最新的动态:品质商品接棒拉动增长、趋零售态势更明显、新空间是综合供应链服务、数字丝路是海陆空网相乘、政策规则反复不必悲观。

阿拉木斯就我国“国内法律下跨境电子商务的平台责任”进行了深入的分析。他先从国内4个新事件入手,介绍了平台责任发展的3个阶段、6个趋势、以及现状,并总结了给平台责任的不确定因素,最后提出了不断拉高平台责任的危害。

薛虹教授以其丰富的实务经验和深厚的学术素养,主要介绍了联合国最新形成的《亚太地区跨境无纸贸易便利化框架协定》的主要形成过程和主要内容。该协定是由中、韩、俄三国领导倡议形成,在亚太地区适用,旨在促进各成员国法律与实践的协调化,其最核心的法律贡献是规范了电子形式贸易数据和文件的跨境互认。

Luca Castellani先生主要介绍了《联合国国际合同使用电子通讯公约》,他认为,实体贸易想要在现有各国法律体系上实现一体化很难,但跨境电商作为新生事物,应采用不同的模式,将联合国示范法推广到各国,以实现贸易便利化。他还认为跨境电商中,B2B虽然是不可避免的难点,但G2G更是难点。如何讲非歧视原则、功能等同原则、技术中立原则理想的适用于各国的司法、公法模式是我们要一直努力的工作,但现在更迫在眉睫的是怎么将该3个原则适用于跨境贸易便利化中。

会议最后,薛虹教授在总结讲话中再次对各位代表的出席和表示衷心感谢

本次研讨会是北京师范大学法学院“国际电子商务联合认证项目第四届春季国际电子商务法学术周”(2017 Spring JCP Academic Week)的系列活动之一。联合国国际贸易法委员会亚太地区中心(UNCITRAL RCAP)与北京师范大学(BNU)国际电子商务法联合认证项目(JCP)自2013年建立以来,于2014年至2016年成功举办了三届“国际电子商务法学术周”活动,包括学术研讨会、学术讲座、模拟法庭等,与教学科研紧密结合、良性互动,成效显著。

 附会议议程:

13:30-13:45 简要介绍 / Introduction

13:45-14:15 中国《电子商务法》草案中跨境电子商务法律制度 / Legal Systems on Cross-Border E-Commerce in the Draft of Chinese E-Commerce Law

主讲人:商务部条约法律司刘红处长 / Ms. Hong Liu, Treaty and Law Department, Ministry of Commerce

14:15-14:45  eWTP助力“一带一路”建设 / eWTP Empowers the Construction of One Belt One Road

主讲人:阿里研究院电商研究中心副主任薛艳女士 / Ms. Yan Xue, Deputy Director of E-Commerce Research Center, Ali Academy

14:45-15:15 跨境电子商务态势思考 / Thoughts on the Trend of Cross-Border E-Commerce

主讲人:亿邦动力总裁郑敏先生 / Mr. Min Zheng, CEO of of Ebrun International E-Commerce Inc.

15:15-15:45 国内法律下跨境电子商务的平台责任 / The Liability of Cross-border E-Commerce Platforms under the Domestic Laws

主讲人:网规研究中心主任阿拉木斯先生 / Mr. Alamusi, Director of Net Rules Research Center

15:45-16:15 联合国亚太地区跨境无纸化贸易便利化框架协议 / Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross-Border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific

主讲人:北京师范大学互联网政策与法律研究中心主任薛虹教授 / Prof. dr. Hong Xue, Director of BNU Institute for Internet Policy & Law

16:15-16:45联合国国际合同使用电子通讯公约 / United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts

主讲人:联合国国际贸易法委员会Luca Castellani先生 / Mr. Luca Castellani, UNCITRAL

16:45-17:00 会议总结 / Conclusion

国际电子商务法国际专家讲座

International Expert Lecture on International E-Commerce Law

主办单位:北京师范大学互联网政策与法律研究中心

日期、时间:20176月618:00-20:00 / 6 June 2017 18:00-20:00

地点:北京师范大学法学院1922教室 / Beijing Normal University Law School Classroom 1922

主持人:北京师范大学互联网政策与法律研究中心主任 薛虹教授 / Prof. dr. Hong Xue, Director of BNU Institute for Internet Policy & Law

主讲人:联合国国际贸易法委员会Luca Castellani先生 / Mr. Luca Castellani, UNCITRAL

 

电子商务发展与立法国际研讨会

International Symposium on E-Commerce Legislation and Industrial Development

2017年6月3日 3 June 2017′

主办单位:北京外国语大学 Beijing Foreign Studies University

支持单位:国际电子商务法联合认证项目 UNCITRAL RCAP-BNU Joint Certificate Program on International E-Commerce Law

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Stewardship of IANA Functions Successfully Transferred to Global Internet Community

On 1 October 2016, the contract between the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and the United States Department of Commerce National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), to perform the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions, has officially expired. This historic moment marks the transition of the coordination and management of the Internet’s unique identifiers to the private-sector, a process that has been committed to and underway since 1998.

Prof. Xue, as a long-time active member on the Multi-stakeholder Steering Group of Asia Pacific Regional IGF (APrIGF) called for US government to timely  complete the IANA oversight transition as scheduled at APrIGF 2016 in Taipei. As a member of the Draft Committee, Prof. Xue suggested use the strong and unequivocal wording to support the global multi-stake process for the transition.

Before the IANA Functions contract ended on October 1st, 2016, some in the US Congress had challenged the validity of the proposal to transfer (or “transition”) the oversight role currently exercised by the US Administration, to a multi-stakeholder Internet community equipped with accountability mechanisms.

Prof. Xue, along with the other Internet leaders, signed on a letter sent to the President of the United States of America on September 14, 2016. Similar letters were sent to the Speaker and Leadership of the House of Representatives, as well as to the President pro tempore and Leadership of the Senate. In these letters, the signatories state: “It is our sincere hope that the Administration will now implement, and that the Congress of the United States of America will not impede the transition of oversight of the IANA Functions.”

Below is the full text of the letter.

List of recipients of our letters:
- President Barack Obama,
- Ms. Penny Pritzker, Secretary of Commerce
- Hon. Ryan Paul, Speaker of the House of Representatives
- Hon. Harry Reid, Democratic Leader
- Hon. Nancy Pelosi, Minority Leader
- Hon. Orrin Hatch, President pro tempore of the Senate
- Hon. Mitch McConnell, Majority Leader

Copies of these letters were sent to:
- Dr. Larry Strickling, Assistant Secretary of Commerce, Administrator of NTIA
- Ms. Fiona Alexander, NTIA
- Dr. Steve Crocker, Chair, and Members of the ICANN Board
- Members of the ICG

Copies of the letters were communicated by separate emails to the following media:
- TheHill.com
- RollCall.com
- BBC North America
- Washington Internet Daily
- Bloombert BNA
- The Guardian, London

* * *

12th of September, 2016
To:
The President of the United States of America
(…)

Dear Mr. President:

As the first truly universal infrastructure in human history, the Internet has allowed huge progress to be achieved in business, legislation, science, public health, agriculture, industry, education and communications, at the same time as it has facilitated the daily lives of ordinary citizens all over the world.

Because of the seminal contribution of the United States of America in creating the Internet and carrying forward so many of its subsequent developments, your country has earned the deep and lasting gratitude of billions of people. In fact, today’s younger generations in so many countries cannot even imagine life without the benefits of ubiquitous connectivity, quick and free access to knowledge, as well as the facilitation of social intercourse.

As individuals deeply engaged in, and committed to improving the integrity, stability and uses of the Internet, we believe that now is an appropriate time to confirm the multi-stakeholder model of the Internet, in a way that would benefit both the United States and the rest of the world. In this respect, we note that the United States have consistently considered that the further development of the Internet would best be served by a global multi-stakeholder model:

1. At the inception of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) in September 1998, the U.S. Government and Internet stakeholders envisioned that the U.S. oversight of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority functions (“IANA functions”) would be temporary. Also in 1998, the U.S. Department of Commerce issued a Statement of Policy that the U.S. Government “is committed to a transition that will allow the private sector to take leadership for DNS (Domain Name System) management.”

2. In December 2012, the House of Representatives and the Senate jointly stated: “It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, should continue working to implement the position of the United States on Internet governance that clearly articulates the consistent and unequivocal policy of the United States to promote a global Internet free from government control and preserve and advance the successful multistakeholder model that governs the Internet today.” (H.Con.Res.127; S.Con.Res.50).

3. In March 2014, the National Telecommunication and Information Agency (NTIA) announced its intention to transition key Internet domain name functions to the global multistakeholder community. As the first step, NTIA asked ICANN to convene global stakeholders to develop a proposal to transition the current oversight role played by NTIA in the coordination of the Internet’s domain name system, and set out four criteria for such a transition to merit consideration. As requested, ICANN convened the IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) which started work in December 2014.

4. In March 2016 the ICG, with the input of the Internet community, submitted its Proposal to NTIA. The NTIA certified that the Proposal met the four criteria (June 2016), approved it (August 2016), and announced its intention to let the IANA Functions contract expire on October 1st, 2016.

It is our belief and indeed our conviction that the transition of oversight of the IANA Functions, from an agency of the United States Government to a multi-stakeholder system equipped with detailed checks and balances, will safeguard the security, openness and efficiency of the Internet, while helping to meet some of the challenges facing humanity and the world in which we live.

In bringing this to your esteemed attention, we are inspired by the fact that the foundation of the United States of America was, in itself, a major innovation of its time: it set out a model of government predicated on principles, a judiciary unswerved by political partisanship, and an economic model in which wealth and success would be earned by initiative and enterprise rather than by inheritance alone. Implementing those lofty principles required open information, as well as the awareness and growing participation of citizens. For the Internet today, the challenges are not very different.

It is our sincere hope that the Administration will now implement, and that the Congress of the United States of America will not impede the transition of oversight of the IANA Functions.

We are addressing similar letters to the Honorable Speaker of the House of Representatives, and to the Honorable President pro tempore of the Senate.

Most respectfully,
On behalf of the signatories listed below:
Jean-Jacques Subrenat
(Ambassador, ret.)

SIGNATORIES:

The Hon. Carl Bildt (Sweden)
Chair, Global Commission on Internet Governance; former Prime Minister & Foreign Minister

Dr. Vinton G. Cerf (United States)
former Chair of the Board of ICANN, Internet Pioneer

Ms. Avri Doria (United States)
Principal Researcher, Technicalities

Mr. Roberto Gaetano (Italy)
Chair, the Public Interest Registry

Prof. Dr. MURAI Jun 村井 純 (Japan)
Dean & Professor, Environment and Information Studies, Keio University
Founder of Junet & WideProject

Dr. Nii Narku Quaynor (Ghana)
Chairman, Ghana Dot Com Ltd.; founding Chairman of AfriNIC

Ms. Njeri Rionge (Kenya)
Founder & CEO, Ignite Consult. & Investment; co-founder & Director, Wananchi Online Ltd.

The Hon. Ms. Marietje Schaake (Netherlands)
Founder, Intergroup on the Digital Agenda for Europe; Member of the European Parliament

Mr. Jean-Jacques Subrenat (France)
Ambassador (ret.); Former member, ICANN Board; Member of the ICG (2014~)

Dr. Prof. XUE Hong 薛虹 (China)
Founding Director, Institute for Internet Policy & Law, Beijing Normal Univ. 北京师范大学

Dr. Prof. YOKOZAWA Makoto 横澤 誠 (Japan)
Professor, Kyoto University; Vice Chair of the Internet Economy WG, Keidanren

(Views expressed in this letter are those of the signatories, and do not purport to represent the positions of entities with which they may be associated.)

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Prof.Amir Qayyum Guest Lecture at IIPL

Prof. Amir Qayyum, Dean of Faculty of Enginner, Capital University of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, visited the Institute for Internet Policy & Law (IIPL) and gave an Expert Lecture to the BNU JM, LLM and international exchange students on Mobile Technologies and Relevant Governance Issues on June 6, 2016. Prof. Qayyum talked about the encrytion technology process and method with the PKI to ensure the confidentiality and integrity of communications on mobile network and digital forensics to combat cyber-crimes (including lawful interception). He mentioned that the Pakistan Internet penetration by broadband is aournd 17% while the people who access to mobile data is over 60%. Mobile Internet is the real solution to digital divide and access problem in a devleoping country like Pakistan.

Prof. Qayyum also shared the experence with the Chinese at-large community with respect to the organization of the School of Internet Governance (SIG) in Pakistan. He talked about the curriculum, faculties, fudning, international cooperation and managment of the SIG of which he was on the 2015 Management Committee. The Representatives from the two ALSes, Chinese Domain Name Users Alliance (CDNUA) and At-Large @ China presented at the meeting and had the interesting discussion with Prof. Qayyum.  The discussions are helpful for the Chinese community to improve the APILP and develop the other capacity building programs in China.

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CNDUA and At-Large@China Joint Community Workshop on ICANN Proposed New Bylaws

On April 20, 2016, ICANN  published its “Proposed New Bylaws” for public comments. The Draft New ICANN Bylaws were drafted in order to reflect the changes necessary as a result of the recommendations contained in the proposals by the IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) and Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability) as provided to the ICANN Board on 10 March 2016 and transmitted to NTIA. Taken together, the proposals call for significant governance changes within ICANN, such as the development of new community powers, the incorporation of the reviews currently required under the Affirmation of Commitments, and modifications to key accountability mechanisms such as the Independent Review Process and the Reconsideration Process. ICANN’s Bylaws are its fundamental document and impacts all the stakeholders. The Chinese at-large community that has been actively participating the ICG and CCWG process, does mind the importance of the “constitutional” document of ICANN.

With the support of BNU IIPL, the two ICANN accredited At-Large Structures (ALSes), Chinese Domain Name Users Alliance (CDNUA) and At-Large@China, both of which are the Members of the APRALO, convened the Joint Community Workshop on May 16, 2016, 18:00-20:00 (UTC +8:00) at Law School Auditorium, Room 1922, New Main Building, Beijing Normal University. The Chair of Council of CDNUA, Prof. Hong Xue, the Director of ICANN Beijing Engagement Center, Mr. Song Zheng, and the representative from At-Large@China, Ms. Antonia Chu gave the keynote speeches at the Workshop.

Remote participation and webcasting were available at the Workshop. The Workshop was in English to enable equal participation from all countries.

Prof. Xue gave an Overview of newly added and revised contents of the proposed new Bylaws and analyzed the new power structure and its check-and-balance design. Prof. Xue then narrowed down to the key provisions in the proposed new Bylaws,  especially in Article 1, 4, 6, 16, 17, 18, 19 and relevant Annexes and analyzed the ICANN’s new mission, commitments and  core values, new accountability mechanisms and community powers as well as the series of institutional designs regarding the post-transition IANA function. Prof. Xue pointed out that the empowered community and building justice through IRPs and other accountability mechanisms would better oversee the ICANN’s administration and serve the interest of the global Internet community. Mr. Song and Antonia also shared their views in their own area of expertise and provided their comments on the potential effect of the New Bylaws  on the domain name industry and young Internet generation.

Members of CDNUA and At-Large @ China, from Beijing, London, Paris, Aberdeen and African cities, joined the Workshop and interacted with the speakers. The young members’ made the impressive comments on the ICANN’s social responsibilities. All the comments on the proposed new Byblaws were collected and will be drafted and submitted to ICANN.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Enhancing ICANN Accountability: User Prospective

ATLAS II Thematic Group on ICANN Transparency and Accountability

Prof. Hong Xue is the co-leader of the thematic group on ICANN Accountability and Transparency at At-Large Summit II to be held at ICANN London Meeting in June 2014. The following is the write-up by theme leaders on the topics. Prof. Xue completely the first draft and made the primarily updates that is shown in the current version.

https://community.icann.org/display/atlarge/ATLAS+II+Thematic+Group+on+ICANN+Transparency+and+Accountability

Abstract

ATRT Final Recommendation #9 generally reflects the community feedback on existing appeals mechanisms and includes a set of necessary improvements. Rec.9.2 is particularly important for accountability of decision-making process and reform of appeal mechanism. It’s suggested to form a Stakeholder Group Committee to examine the options to restructure the current Board reconsideration process and the Independent Review Process (IRP).

However, it is unclear whether Board reconsideration process and the IRP  will remain the only or the  “final” appeal channel available for reviewing other appeals decisions, either from internal bodies or outside service providers, especially in the various gTLDs and ccTLDs processes. For example, will improved appeals mechanisms take into account  the processing of reconsideration requests and objections on decisions made in the new gTLD program by ICANN or its dispute resolution providers,  or will it apply to a review procedure for decisions made in IDN ccTLD program, for issues such as string similarity.

In the long run, enhancement of accountability depends on the improvement and development of mechanisms in three correlated areas, namely (1) institutional transparency, particularly in the decision-making process; (2) check and balance through duly separation of powers, especially after the transition of stewardship of IANA function; and (3) effective and efficient appeal system, within or outside ICANN, including the external final appeal system to “judicially” supervise the decision of ICANN Board and its members, like the constitutional court.

As we have not seen what the Board intends to do about recommendation 9.2  it is good to be cautious.  But if the Board and ICANN staff do honor the suggestion for a community wide discussion of ICANN accountability and appeals, then At-large needs a strategy for contributing to that and needs to begin substantive work on identifying the features required in a well formed ICANN appeals process.  In developing accountability and transparency mechanisms, from a At-Large perspective,  discussion needs to extend to all of the At-Large Structures (ALS) so that they can contribute from the diversity of global user experience on accountability and transparency and access to appeals mechanisms, that only At-Large can bring to ICANN.

Questions raised by the community:

  1. What sort of appeals mechanisms does ICANN need? Does ICANN need to a final appeal mechanism to supervise the Board and its (paid) members?
  2. Is the soft bottom-up oversight offered by the AOC adequate or does ICANN need some other form of oversight, especially in this time of IANA stewardship transition?
  3. How can the AOC process and current Accountability and Transparency measures be improved?
  4. Do you agree with Transparency by default for an organization like ICANN?  Should all issues that are not treated with full transparency be logged as such with a description of why Transparency was not appropriate treatment for the issue?  Should there be a time limit on items that are deemed secret?
  5. Does ICANN need a yearly Transparency audit? Why or why not?

Questions raised by ICANN for enhancement of accountability:

  1.  What issues does the community identify as being core to strengthening ICANN’s overall accountability in the absence of its historical contractual relationship to the U.S. Government?
  2.  What should be the guiding principles to ensure that the notion of accountability is understood and accepted globally? What are the consequences if the ICANN Board is not being accountable to the community?
  3.  Do the Affirmation of Commitments and the values expressed therein need to evolve to support global acceptance of ICANN’s accountability and so, how?
  4.  What are the means by which the Community is assured that ICANN is  meeting its accountability commitments?
  5.  Are there other mechanisms that would better ensure that ICANN lives up to its commitments?

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