Archive for Internet Governance

Prof. Xue @ Asia Pacific Trade Facilitation Forum 2019

The Asia-Pacific Trade Facilitation Forum (APTFF) is the leading regional platform for the exchange of information, experiences and practice on trade facilitation. The APTFF has been organized by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and a growing number of partners since 2009, including UNCTAD, WCO and WTO. It is held biennially and attracts more than 250 participants from 30 countries. The 9th APTFF took place at the Hyatt Regency Hotel Delhi, New Delhi, India on 17-18 September 2019. The Forum was organized by ESCAP and ADB in collaboration with the Government of India and the Confederation of Indian Industries.

The Forum focused on how digital and sustainable trade facilitation measures and practices can bring prosperity to the Asia-Pacific region and investigated the opportunities from trade digitalization for sustainable development of the region, and challenges ahead in materializing such opportunities. it featured panel discussions, interactive and informative sessions allowing participants to share experiences and perspectives on different aspects of trade facilitation, including trade finance, cross-border e-commerce, paperless trade, and innovative application of emerging technologies, among others. The Forum brought relevant regional initiatives and implementation cases to each session to make it a unique opportunity to share knowledge and practical lessons. A number of side events were organized throughout the week in collaboration with other partners to provide more in-depth exploration of pertinent trade facilitation issues. The Forum also included an exhibition for relevant service providers and international organizations to promote their work in this area.

Prof. Xue gave an important presentation at  Session 5: Trade facilitation for e-commerce: Emerging innovations for seamless cross-border transactions by emphasizing the value of cross-border data flow in the paperless trade facilitation and encouraged the Member States to take action according to the WTO TFA with respect to data regulations. Prof. Xue’s presentation attracted many questions from the audience and she responded effectively to each of them.

Prof. Xue was also invited to take part in the APTFF Capacity Building Workshop on Cross-border Paperless Trade Facilitation, a side event organized by UNESCAP and ADB. The workshop brought relevant regional stakeholders of cross-border paperless trade and shared experiences and lessons learnt in its facilitation, including issues and challenges faced and actions and measures for implementation. The government officials from selected developing countries in the region as well as representatives from the initiatives on cross-border electronic data exchange from the region and beyond participated in the workshop. Prof. Xue gave the expert legal opinions on seven countries’ studies on challenges and way-forward for cross-border paperless trade. Her comments impressed all the stakeholders from the relevant development countries as well as the professionals from the international organizations.

 

 

 

 

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Prof. Xue’s keynote speech at APrIGF 2019

2019 Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF 2019) was held in Vladivostok, Russia, from 16 to 19 July 2019. The overarching theme for the event was ‘Enabling a Safe, Secure and Universal Internet for All in Asia Pacific’, with the sub-themes being: Safe Internet, Cyber-security & Regulation; Access & Universality; Emerging Technologies & Society; Evolving Role of Internet Governance & Multi-stakeholder Participation; and Digital Economy.

Prof. Xue gave a keynote speech at the Capacity Building Day on July 16 and talked about “Consumer Protection in E-commerce”, which as hailed by all the young fellows and other participants as very inspiring and forward-looking. Prof. Xue answered many questions and comments regarding data protection, consumer rights and other Internet legal issues. 

Prof. Xue was invited to be an expert panelist at the Workshop “A roadmap for studying ICT laws and building a database for Asia” organized by Association for Progressive Communications (APC) on July 18 and talked about the importance of building a people-centered and right-based legal framework for cyberspace. The session addresses the sub-theme on Safer Internet, Cyber-security and Regulation Online. It aims to encourage discussion on the growing number of policies, regulations and laws in Asian countries that seek to monitor and regulate the internet and the impact of these legislation on information and privacy among others. Of key importance is also our intended discussion on how we can build alliances with civil society, academia, journalists, the technical community and lawyers in order to create a multidisciplinary approach to challenge these laws where necessary, through creating awareness, bridging gaps in our understanding of these laws, not just among the various actors but also among a wider audience, and providing support to strategic litigation in different countries, with the ultimate aim of pushing for a regulatory framework that enables a more open, safe and secure internet.

Prof. Xue also actively took part in the discussion for the Synthesis Document

, which aims to document items of common interest relevant to Internet governance in the Asia Pacific region and has developed into one of the highlight innovations of the APrIGF and inspired other national and regional initiatives to develop their own processes.

 

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Prof. Xue presented at the WTO Colloquium and Expert Seminar

The World Trade Organization invited Prof. Xue to give two keynote speeches at the 16th Colloquium for Teachers of Intellectual Property in Geneva.  The two-week colloquium for teachers of intellectual property (IP), jointly organized by the WTO and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), opened in Geneva on 17 June 2019. The event aims at helping teachers from developing countries and economies in transition to become more aware of the Geneva institutions, negotiations and other activities concerning intellectual property law and policy and to strengthen their countries’ independent research, policy analysis and teaching. Xiaozhun Yi and Mario Matus, Deputy Directors-General at the WTO and WIPO, opened the two-week course at WIPO headquarters. They highlighted the importance of this event, which brings together 29 IP scholars and teachers with a strong background in IP and responds to the growing demand for enhanced awareness of IP issues.

The programme included a wide range of IP policy and legal issues, such as IP and public health, IP and e-commerce, IP and biotechnology, IP and artificial intelligence, and IP and blockchain. More than 40 experts from WIPO, the WTO, partner intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations and various fields of industry addressed participants to keep them up to date with the key issues and challenges confronting IP law and policy. Prof. Xue presented on “IPR Issues in the Digital Economy” and “Copyright Issues in E-commerce” on June 17 and 18 respectively. The keynotes were warmly welcomed by all participants. Prof. Xue responded to all the questions with great enthusiasm.

Participants were provided with an update on the activities and instruments of WIPO and the WTO, focusing on policy issues under negotiation or discussion in the two organizations, and placing these issues in their wider legal and policy contexts. The colloquium strengthened the capacity of universities to develop national expertise in IP, thereby building their capacity to provide policy support for current negotiations or discussions in WIPO and the WTO.

Prof. Xue was also invited the WTO Intellectual Property Department to provide a presentation at the “IP & TRADE POLICY TODAY” SEMINAR SERIES on June 20 in the WTO Room A. The Seminar series are s a series of informal conversations about the interaction between intellectual property and international trade in today’s global economy. Prof. Xue’s topic is “Intermediary Liability in the Platform Economy: A Key Issue for Intellectual Property Law Regimes”. Prof. Xue addressed that the operators of platform economy provide tens of millions of parties with virtual business premises and with deal-making, information dissemination and other related services, and enable them to independently engage in transactions. The operator plays a vital role in intellectual property protection. Online intermediary liability is the concept of holding online platform operators responsible for illegal or harmful acts of Internet users. An appropriate liability regime for platform operators should recognize the importance of keeping a balanced approach between IP right holders and business operators. The platform operator should be incentivized to cooperate with IP right holders to deter the unauthorized storage and transmission of IP-protected materials. Meanwhile, IP right holders should be granted effective enforcement procedures against infringement. While legal remedies are available for right holders to address such infringement, platform operators should be eligible for appropriate safe harbors in respect of online services which they do not control or initiate and that take place through the system or network controlled or operated by them or on their behalf.

The Seminar was held during the WTO E-commerce Negotiation period and attracted the official delegates from more than fifty countries from Asia, Europe, Latin America and Africa to take part. The Head of IPD and other officials gave very high remarks to the insightful and innovative presentation, which was followed with the interesting and fruitful interactions with the delegates and IPD officials.

IP TRADE POLICY TODAY – Prof. Dr. Hong XUE

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薛虹教授接受《法制日报》采访 展望《电子商务法》的实施 (之二)

电子商务法“升级”对消费者保护力度

2018-09-18 本报记者 蒲晓磊

禁止网购刷单;不得默认搭售;应当及时退还押金……针对近两年出现的一些侵害消费者权益的现象,电子商务法专门作出规定,并明确了相应的法律责任。例如,针对押金退还问题,电子商务法规定,电子商务经营者未向消费者明示押金退还的方式、程序,对押金退还设置不合理条件,或者不及时退还押金的,最高可处以五十万元的罚款。近些年,伴随着电子商务的高速发展,侵害消费者权益的花样也在不断翻新,电子商务法专门在多处针对热点问题作出回应,进一步构建了保护消费者权益的法律制度。

经营者不得滥用格式条款
北京师范大学法学院教授薛虹指出,在电子商务活动中,交易都是采用电子商务合同,除非特殊情况(例如当事人特别约定签署传统纸面方式的确认书)或者特殊领域(例如法律、行政法规有禁止性规定),都是采用自动信息系统订立的。
对此,电子商务法专门在“电子商务合同的订立与履行”一章中规定了一系列保护消费者合法权益的法律制度,主要包括:电子商务经营者信息披露义务、允许消费者更正输入错误的义务、不得滥用格式条款的义务。
关于电子商务经营者信息披露义务,电子商务法第五十条第一款规定,电子商务经营者应当清晰、全面、明确地告知用户订立合同的步骤、注意事项、下载方法等事项,并保证用户能够便利、完整地阅览和下载。
薛虹认为,从字面上看,上述条款并未直接提到自动信息系统,但是使用了“下载方法”等表达方式,明显是指从互联网等信息网络下载有关信息,因此,实质上是指在经营者使用自动信息系统订立合同的情况下,对其消费者所承担法律义务。消费者依赖经营者提供的自动信息系统提交订单,此法律规定对于消费者权益的保护有重要意义。
同时,电子商务法还针对电子商务特点,明确了允许消费者更正输入错误的权利。电子商务法第五十条第二款规定,电子商务经营者应当保证用户在提交订单前可以更正输入错误。
薛虹说,电子商务经营者使用自动信息系统订立合同的,消费者在与自动信息系统互动通信中按错按键、误入数据的情况时有发生。为了避免消费者发送错误信息,电子商务法规定了电子商务经营者公平设置自动信息系统的义务,即经营者应当在所使用的自动信息系统中设置有关的保障性措施与程序,给予消费者及时纠正输入性错误的机会。
此外,为了保护消费者合法权益,电子商务法作出了“经营者不得滥用格式条款”的规定。电子商务法第四十九条第二款规定,电子商务经营者不得以格式条款等方式约定消费者支付价款后合同不成立;格式条款等含有该内容的,其内容无效。
薛虹指出,在面向消费者的电子商务活动中,大多数情况下,消费者通过经营者的自动信息系统提交订单的同时就完成了电子支付。
根据上述规定,消费者提交订单并完成支付,直接导致与经营者之间的合同成立。
“经营者即便在自动信息系统中设置格式条款,约定消费者提交订单、支付价款后合同不成立,该条款也无效,合同仍然成立。除非在消费者提交订单但是货到付款、另行支付的情形下,经营者不得以格式条款等方式否定消费者提交订单的约束力。总之,电子商务法明确了在面向消费者的电子商务活动中,消费者提交的订单并完成支付的法律效力,解决了关于订单究竟是要约还是承诺的长期争议。”薛虹说。

 

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北师大互联网政策与法律研究中心成功举办网络安全校园行专家讲座

      10月28日下午,由中国网络空间安全协会主办,北京师范大学互联网政策与法律中心联合主办的“网络安全校园行”专家讲座在北师大后主楼学术报告厅举行。讲座由北京师范大学互联网政策与法律研究中心薛虹教授主持,北京金山公司产品策划总监具明鹤先生主讲。中国网络空间安全协会副秘书长张健教授,中国网络空间安全协会网络治理与国际工作委员会秘书长谢永江教授以及来自北京师范大学法律硕士、法学硕士、法学博士学生50多人参加讲座。

薛虹教授隆重介绍了参会的嘉宾并代表北京师范大学法学院以及北京师范大学互联网政策与法律研究中心对大家的到来表示欢迎。 具明鹤总监就“网络安全”这一主题进行演讲。讲解了什么是网络安全,网络安全相关案例和文档信息保护等知识。具明鹤总监幽默风趣的风格以及鲜活的案例将讲座在专业性的基础上增添了趣味性。

中国网络空间安全协会副秘书长张健教授对本次讲座给予了高度的赞扬与肯定。他强调,网络空间安全并不仅仅是一个单纯的法律问题或者技术问题,这是一个复杂的系统性的问题,解决这个问题的关键便是依靠群众的力量群防群治。“网络安全为人民,网络安全靠人民”,张建教授引用习近平总书记的话点明了本次活动的核心主题。而北京师范大学作为网络安全校园行活动的第一站,具有树杆立模的作用,他和协会都很期待再次与北京师范大学的师生交流对话。

中国网络空间安全协会网络治理与国际工作委员会秘书长谢永江教授也就自己的亲身经历阐述了对网络空间安全的深刻理解与反思,并分享了保护个人信息安全的有效方法以及途径,大家颇为受益。讲座还设计了提问环节。同学们踊跃提问,问题深刻并且具有前瞻性。各位专家一一作答并与老师同学们一起展望中国互联网空间安全的未来发展。

 

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